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Theses

Madrid, capitale hollywoodienne du franquisme des années cinquante : construction d'un imaginaire cinématographique de la modernité

Abstract : At the end of the 1950s, in Madrid, three comedies with a sentimental theme for the general public displayed radical and very American modernity: Las Muchachas de Azul, 1957, by Pedro Lazaga, Las chicas de la Cruz Roja, 1958, by Rafael J. Salvia and Vuelve San Valentín, 1962, by Fernando Palacios. The urban landscape and the female body intertwine in the filmic matrix of Hollywood comedies: fluidity and verticality for the first, fashion and seduction for the second. Madrid became the Hollywood capital of Franco's 1950s. Women overfill the screen and seek fulfilment and happiness. The context is doubly favourable to this inversion of representations. In 1953, the Franco regime abandoned its old alliances and confirmed its new rapprochement with the United States. A cultural landing followed the US military landing: all Hollywood took residence in Madrid for a decade. However, Spain remained a military and clergy-led dictatorship, locked by the Concordat signed with the Vatican and Pact of Madrid with the United States. A meticulous analysis reveals a second filmic writing at work in these three films: Franco's propaganda of 1939. Two cinematographic models hybridize in these films and articulate the dictatorship with the power of dreams. Despite the commercial success of these films, no study had yet been done by specialists in Spanish cinema.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03537856
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 20, 2022 - 4:09:08 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 24, 2022 - 4:57:13 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, April 21, 2022 - 7:22:52 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03537856, version 1

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Marguerite Azcona. Madrid, capitale hollywoodienne du franquisme des années cinquante : construction d'un imaginaire cinématographique de la modernité. Art et histoire de l'art. Sorbonne Université, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021SORUL039⟩. ⟨tel-03537856⟩

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