Decentralisation of university infrastructure and impact on local land tenure: case of the city of Bertoua, East Cameroon

Abstract : With the university reform of 1993, the government of Cameroon a political will to endow the ten regions with a State university, at least, a faculty. In this light, some regional capitals have become hosts of State universities. The city of Bertoua, host to the Faculty of Legal Sciences of the University of Yaoundé II, and recently the Higher Teacher Training College of the University of Ngaoundere is no exception. The establishment of university infrastructure requisitions land in urban centres or peripheries, dislodging autochthons and engendering socio-spatial changes. This is compounded by the fact that most often their land is not registered or legally secured. This poses acute problems of land ownership in Cameroon. The objective of this article is to show that endowing these cities with university infrastructure, a major land grabber, impoverishes the local population. To achieve this, both qualitative and quantitative methods were used viz. reviewing related literature and regulatory texts, and questionnaire administration. The main premise of this study is that despite the fact that the local population receives compensation, in the medium and long terms they become poorer than before owing to loss of identity and socioeconomic prestige. Consequently, a revision of the land law to include a compensation procedure based essentially on an " eviction-relocation " model and an accompaniment of locals' reestablishment is imperative and seen as plausible solutions.
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Eleno Manka 'a Fube, Souleman Ngouohou, Alphonse Yapi-Diahou. Decentralisation of university infrastructure and impact on local land tenure: case of the city of Bertoua, East Cameroon. 2018. ⟨hal-01835087⟩

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