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Beyond the limitations of perturbation methods for real random eigenvalue problems using Exceptional Points and analytic continuation

Abstract : A numerical method is proposed to approximate the solution of parametric eigenvalue problem when the variability of the parameters exceed the radius of convergence of low order perturbation methods. The radius of convergence of eigenvalue perturbation methods, based on Taylor series, is known to decrease when eigenvalues are getting closer to each other. This phenomenon, knwon as veering in structural dynamics, is a direct consequence of the existence of branch point singularity in the complex plane of the varying parameters where some eigenvalues are defective. When this degeneracy, referred to as Exceptional Point (EP), is close to the real axis, the veering becomes stronger. The main idea of the proposed approach is to combined a pair of eigenvalues to remove this singularity. To do so, two analytic auxiliary functions are introduced and are computed through high order derivatives of the eigenvalue pair with respect to the parameter. This yields a new robust eigenvalue reconstruction scheme which is compared to Taylor and Puiseux series. In all cases, theoretical bounds are established and all approximations are compared numerically on a three degrees of freedom toy model. This system illustrate the ability of the method to handle the vibrations of a structure with a randomly varying parameter. Computationally efficient, the proposed algorithm could also be relevant for actual numerical models of large size, arising from other applications involving parametric eigenvalue problems, e.g., waveguides, rotating machinery or instability problems such as squeal or flutter.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 8, 2020 - 1:38:55 PM
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Martin Ghienne, Benoit Nennig. Beyond the limitations of perturbation methods for real random eigenvalue problems using Exceptional Points and analytic continuation. Journal of Sound and Vibration, Elsevier, 2020, 480, pp.115398. ⟨10.1016/j.jsv.2020.115398⟩. ⟨hal-02536849⟩

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