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Dance improves motor, cognitive and social skills in children with developmental cerebellar anomalies

Abstract : In this multiple single-cases study, we used dance to train Sensorimotor Synchronization (SMS), motor and cognitive functions in children with Developmental Cerebellar Anomalies (DCA). DCA are rare dysfunctions of the cerebellum that affect motor and cognitive skills. The cerebellum plays an important role in temporal cognition including SMS which is, critical for motor and cognitive development. Dancing engages the SMS neuronal circuitry, composed of the cerebellum, the basal ganglia and the motor cortices. Thus, we hypothesized that dance has a beneficial effect on SMS skills and associated motor and cognitive functions in children with DCA. Seven children (aged 7-11) with DCA participated in a 2-month dance training protocol (3h/week). A test-retest design protocol with multiple baselines was used to assess children’s SMS skills as well as motor, cognitive and social abilities. SMS skills were impaired in DCA before the training. The training led to improvements in SMS (reduced variability in paced tapping), balance and executive functioning (cognitive flexibility), as well as in social skills (social cognition). The beneficial effects of the dance training were visible in all participants. Notably, gains were maintained two months after the intervention. These effects are likely to be sustained by enhanced activity in SMS brain networks due to the dance training protocol.
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https://hal.univ-lille.fr/hal-03182726
Contributor : Lilloa Université de Lille <>
Submitted on : Thursday, July 1, 2021 - 1:47:24 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 9, 2021 - 4:31:23 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-03182726, version 2

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Valentin Bégel, Asaf Bachrach, Simone Dalla Bella, Julien Laroche, Sylvain Clément, et al.. Dance improves motor, cognitive and social skills in children with developmental cerebellar anomalies. The Cerebellum, Springer, 2021, The Cerebellum. ⟨hal-03182726v2⟩

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