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L’Institut littéraire Gorki à Moscou : la patrimonialisation de la création littéraire

Abstract : Founded in 1933 at the initiative of Stalin and Maxim Gorky, the Gorky Literature Institute (Litinstitut) was intended to train the future authors of the nascent Soviet Union. Initially seen as a means of channeling and controlling authors’ vocations, the Institute quickly became a complex machine aimed at creating heritage out of soviet literature “from the outset” despite this genre being at its very beginnings in the 1930s. This was accomplished firstly through instruction in literary writing. The Institute was quickly made the home of a legal deposit library and a museum dedicated to Maxim Gorky. Finally, a research lab was created in order to establish a Marxist-Leninist history of literature that would span all countries and periods. Following the Soviet industrial model, the Gorky Literature Institute ended up covering all the steps in the process of literary creation: contemporaries referred to it as a “literary kombinat” (literaturnyj kombinat). From the statutes of the university, the research texts that it published and the four volumes of the Litinstitut’s Souvenirs, it is made apparent that the Litinstitut’s concern for understanding what happens in the mechanisms of creating heritage is its openly forward-looking nature, showing that this process, including its application to literature, is a creative one (of a collective “identity”, of an “imagined community” based on a singular definition of literature) as much as a process of preservation.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 8, 2021 - 8:33:55 PM
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Sylvia Chassaing. L’Institut littéraire Gorki à Moscou : la patrimonialisation de la création littéraire. Culture et Musées, Avignon Université, 2021, pp.51 - 68. ⟨10.4000/culturemusees.6673⟩. ⟨hal-03471476⟩



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