Les primitives sémantiques et l'organisation des significations d'actions

Abstract : Our objective in this thesis was to test two hypotheses on the organization of the meanings of actions. The first of these assumptions is that the most general level, the meanings of actions are organized in semantic fields independent of each other. These fields are the main goals of the action. The second hypothesis concerns the internal organization of semantic fields. Our hypothesis is that the internal organization of semantic fields can be analyzed as a semantic network organized by implication relationships between specific and general verbs verbs. A first series of experiments, we showed that the meanings of actions are organized into independent groups meanings, stable over time and to account for a significant part of the lexicon of the action. The results of these experiments, we conclude the existence of six major semantic fields. The second set of study is designed to test our hypothesis about the internal organization of classes of meanings that we have identified. We used G.A & C's analysis model to describe the relationship of involvement between the meanings of verbs in semantic classes, in the form of semantic networks. Some semantic classes were left out of this series of experiments, because of the complexity of semantic-cognitive schemes that describe their meaning. We then test the validity of these psychological semantic networks. We have shown that the proximity relationships between meanings derived data are very similar to those we describe in theoretical networks. The dimensions that organize our theoretical networks are quite similar to those used by subjects in their classifications, although the relative importance of certain dimensions may be different for some semantic categories. Overall we show that the subjects of the classifications are fully compatible with the relations of proximity that we describe in our theoretical networks. These results support the idea that it is the purpose of the action is important in organizing the meanings of actions.
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Jean-Marc Meunier. Les primitives sémantiques et l'organisation des significations d'actions. Psychologie. Université Paris 8, 1999. Français. ⟨tel-01098003⟩

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