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Enfants, parents, médias et société du risque.Les classifications de contenu permettent-elles une régulation des médias ?

Abstract : In her dissertation, Children, Parents, Media and Risk Society: Are Content Ratings Making Media Regulation Possible?, Sophie Jehel examines the role of television and videogame ratings, involved in the content regulation system. In the first section, the author shows how in the family and social environment, debates involving childhood protection are regularly avoided for fear of provoking the issue of “censorship”; this idea completely misses the point of the current legal and economic states of the mass media. Today, television and radio, like “new media” such as internet and social networking applications, are a key element of the “Risk Society.” (U. Beck). Similar to other industries, the media grow using the « social production of risk » in many ways, like broadcasting violent or shocking content. Therefore the media needs to regulate content to protect children. In theory, the co-regulation system advocated by the European Union, which involves citizen and user control, is meant to counterbalance the auto-regulation system of the rating process. In the second section, the author, drawing from a survey which examined 1142 children in their final year of elementary school (5th grade in France), or in their first year of junior high school (6th grade in France), and 781 of their parents, analyzes the utilization of content ratings. Today, the risks produced by the media are everywhere in the media environment, and affect people of every social background, but boys and particularly children from working class backgrounds–especially the ones who study in schools ZEP (Priority Education Zone)– are more exposed to situations of “risk”. In general, parents and children widely consider the rating system good, but at this point, because of a lack of understanding, they cannot effectively counterbalance the influence of media. Therefore, successful co-regulation remains a long shot.
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Submitted on : Saturday, April 11, 2020 - 4:43:47 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 28, 2021 - 6:47:38 PM


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Sophie Jehel. Enfants, parents, médias et société du risque.Les classifications de contenu permettent-elles une régulation des médias ?. Sciences de l'information et de la communication. Université Paris 2 Panthéon-Assas, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-02540661⟩



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