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La détente syllabique et ses implications phonologiques

Abstract : The release burst, a particular puff of air after the release of an occlusion, has long been ignored by phonologists. Considered to be “fine-grained phonetic detail”, it is only recently that it drew some attention. I therefore had to conduct two operations, the second naturally deriving from the first. First, I had to show that phonologists must indeed consider the release burst. In that purpose, I validated the Burst-to-Vowel Insertion Hypothesis, which stipulates that a post-coda release burst will be adapted as an epenthetic vowel in Korean. I worked on two grounds: on loanwords from English, and on online adaptations of non-words by native Korean speakers. In both cases, results show that a burst in the input is responsible for a vowel insertion in the output. This proves that Korean speakers do perceive the burst. Now, if it is perceived, it means it is phonological, and if it is phonological, it must be modelled. Consequently, I propose a model for the release burst. The first proposition made in the 1960s suggested a [released] feature, which was not very convincing. I therefore propose a model in the framework of a contour-based theory of Strict CV Phonology where the burst is a structural rather than a melodic object, thus explaining not only why it is adapted as a vowel in Korean, but also why its presence after English codas is more marked in some contexts than in others. In my model, the release burst is not an ad hoc object anymore but an instance of a larger phenomenon: C/V interactions.
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Submitted on : Friday, October 9, 2020 - 5:13:22 PM
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Mathilde Hutin. La détente syllabique et ses implications phonologiques. Linguistique. Université Paris 8 Vincennes-Saint-Denis, 2018. Français. ⟨tel-02963100⟩

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